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What are Specific Learning Difficulties?

Specific Learning Difficulties (SpLD) is an overarching term used to describe a number of associated or frequently co-occurring learning difficulties which may manifest across all abilities, with variable severity and significance.

These include:

Dyslexia
Dyspraxia/DCD (Developmental Coordination Difficulties)
Dyscalculia 

SpLD affect the way information is learned and processed. They can occur independently of intelligence and can have significant impact on the extent to which an individual can access learning and achieve their personal potential.

Children and young people with SpLD may face challenges to learn to read, write, spell and/or manipulate numbers to the extent that their performance in these areas is below their skills in others, despite having appropriate learning opportunities. They may also experience problems with the speed of processing information, working memory, organisational skills, and coordination.