Dyspraxia/DCD (Developmental Coordination difficulties)
Developmental Co-ordination Disorder (DCD) is a medically diagnosed condition for someone with specific co-ordination problems. The term dyspraxia has been superseded by the term DCD but it is still used by GPs. DCD affects around 5% of school-aged children and young people. It has a varying but significant impact throughout an individual’s lifespan and can affect social relationships and have medical and psychological consequences. A child or young person with DCD/dyspraxia may (in addition to those shared characteristics common to many SpLDs) exhibit some or all of the following characteristics:
• An impairment or immaturity in the organisation of movement, often appearing clumsy.
• Difficulty in learning, retaining and generalising gross motor skills (related to balance and co-ordination) and fine motor skills (relating to manipulation of objects).
• Find writing is particularly laborious.
• Difficulty acquiring keyboard skills.
• Difficulty organising ideas and concepts.
• Difficulty with pronunciation.
• Over / under sensitive to noise, light and touch.
• Poor awareness of body position.
• Misread social cues.